360 PABGASA KOSf. Tire ncMkMs, or cattle market, is of large extent and supplied with every convenience—a fine masonry well, long ranges of feeding troughs, &c. On every beas: sold the zaznindars levy a toll of two anas, and the Chaudharis as much ; k consideration for which payment they are bound to maintain two chaukidars for watch and ward, and also to keep the place clean and in repair. Prices, of course, vary considerably, but the following may be taken -as the average rates :—Well-bullocks from Es. 30 to Rs. 60 each; cart-bullocks from Is. 50 to 75; a .cow from Es. 15 to 50; a calf from Rs. 10 to 30; a bnifaio from Es. 25 to 50 ; and a male buffalo calf from Rs. 2 to 10. There are two market days every week, on Tuesday and Wednesday; and in 1868-69, when a tax of one and a quarter ana was levied on every beast sold, it yielded as much as Rs. 2,188-13-0 ; the zamindars' receipts at two anas a head and the Chaudharis' at the same rate amounted to Rs. 3,502-2-0 each. Taking Es. 25 as an average price per head, which would be rather below than above the mark, the amount of money changing hands In the course of the year was Es. 7,00,425. The exports of grain are put at 200,000 mans and there are in the town some 100 ItkaUos, or cellars, ordinarily well filled with reserve stores for the consumption, not only of the residents, but also of the numerous travellers passing up and down the great thoroughfare on which the town stands, and who naturally take in at Kosi several days' supplies, both for themselves and their cattle. There is also very considerable business done in country cloth, as all the villages in the neighbourhood are purely agricultural, and supply most of their wants from the one central mart. As the town lies in a hollow, it is liable to be flooded after a few days' con- tinuance of heavy rain by a torrent which pours in upon it from Hodal. This was the case in 1873, when much damage was done to house property ; and the subsequent drying up of the waters—which was a tedious process, there being no outlet for their escape—was attended with very general and serious sickness. The only remedy lies in developing the natural line of drainage, and the necessity of some such operation has forced itself upon the notice of the canal department\ hut no definite steps have yet been taken in the matter. The income of the municipality is about Es. 12,000 per annum ; but this sum is a very inadequate test of the actual trade done, since there is no duty either on cotton or on cattle, excepting beasts intended for slaughter. The area of the parish is 2,277 acres, on which the Government demand used to be Bs. 6,700 ; but the assessment was proved to be too severe by the distress it caused to the zamindarsj and it -was reduced to Rs. 4,790.